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Geographical Indications or GIs are signs that designate the origins of goods from a particular geographical location. Generally, GIs are obtained for agricultural products, food stuffs, wine, spirits, artisanal products, handicrafts, and so on. Some famous examples are the Darjeeling Tea, Banarasi Saree, Champagne, and several others. India is one among a short list of countries, that has GIs in abundance. Accordingly, to regulate GIs India introduced a special legislation viz. the under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.

We, at DuxLegis, understand the importance of securing GI and are well-versed to provide to GI registration services to our clients

Who is Entitled To Apply?

Any statutory association of persons, producers, organization or authority can apply for registration of GIs. The applicant must essentially represent the interest of the producers only.

Under the law of GI, persons dealing with the following three categories of goods are considered Producers:

  1. Agricultural Goods encompassing the production, processing, trading or dealing;
  2. Natural Goods includes exploiting, trading or dealing; and
  3. Handicrafts or Industrial goods comprising the processes of making, manufacturing, trading or dealing.


The application must conform to the various requirements and criteria prescribed under the GI Rules. All the goods have been classified in different classes in accordance with the International Classification of goods for the purposes of registration of Geographical Indications.


Once the Application for Registration of GI is filed at the GI Registry, the Registrar will have the Application examined and may consult an expert group to verify the technical details. Thereafter, on expiry of 3 months, the Examination report is issued to which the Applicant is required to submit a reply. On satisfaction, the Registrar accepts the Application which will then be published in the GI journal. If the Applicant fails to reply in 2 months, the Application shall be deemed rejected. The Applicant may appeal within 1 month against the decision of the registrar, as the case may be.


Any person can oppose the registration of geographical indication by way of a notice in writing to the Registrar. This shall be done within a period of three months from the date of advertisement of the application in the Journal. The Applicant shall be required to send a counter statement to the Registrar within two months from the date of receipt, stating the grounds that he relied on for making the application. Then, within two months (extendible to three months) from the date of receipt of this counter statement, the opponent shall submit his evidence in support of his contentions. Ordinarily, within three months from the date of completion of the evidence, the registrar shall give both the parties one-month notice and then conduct a hearing. On the contentions of both parties and considering the evidence, the registrar is empowered to grant or deny the GI.

Registration & Renewal

Registration of a GI bestows such rights only on the Registered Proprietor and the Authorised Users:

  • Right to obtain relief in case of infringement of GI.
  • Exclusive right to use of the GI in relation to the goods for which GI is registered.
  • Two or more authorised users of a registered GI shall have corresponding and equal rights.

The registration of GI is valid for a period of ten years, and may be renewed thereafter from time to time.



Adv. Shruti is an Advocate and Patent & Trademark Attorney in INDIA. In over 15+ years of experience, Adv. Shruti has amassed vast experience in IP strategic advisory, patent drafting, prosecution and litigation.

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Adv. Amit Sahni is a seasoned Intellectual Property professional with more than 14 years of rich and insightful experience in Innovation, IP protection, problem solving, and technology management.

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Adv. Sneha is a seasoned litigator as well as IP Attorney with years of work experience in practicing before Trademark Registry and different courts and tribunals across India and in a variety of matters.

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Practice Areas

DuxLegis provides following services in GI registration, infringement & litigation:

  • Preparation and filing of applications for registration of GIs.
  • Prosecution and Registration of GI Applications.
  • Enforcement or Litigation of GIs before the Courts.


Find out how we can support you. Contact us now to take first step towards securing your IP assests. We are looking forward to hear from you.

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